Dima Vorobiev, who worked for Soviet propaganda, and who’s becoming one of the most popular commentators on Russian affairs via the platform Quora, writes:
Vladimir Putin was a card-carrying member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from his student years in 1975 until the day it was banned by Yeltsin in 1991. He also worked as a secret operative in the service of the Soviet state. There ends his association with Communism.
President Putin is an anti-Communist. He has both ideological and personal reasons for that.
Idelologically, he is a sworn enemy of everything that has “revolution” or “radical reform” in it. He thinks this only brings death and destruction. Strangely, the same logic is manifested in his refusal to get rid of the residues of Communist past in Russia, like Lenin’s mausoleum and Soviet symbols of state power: it would be too much of a change. Putin doesn’t like to upset things, if he doesn’t feel threatened.
Personally, under Communism, he would have been a grey anonymous secret operative in retirement. Capitalism made Putin what he is now: the leader of a powerful country and a very wealthy man. People who made this possible, and to who he feels deep loyalty—former St. Petersburg mayor Sobchak and President Yeltsin—were both fervent anti-Communists.
President Putin firmly believes that the future of great and mighty Russia is a well-armed, globally independent and authoritarian oligarchical Capitalism of the Chinese version. This is an exact opposite of the society described in the Communist Manifesto and other classic works of Marxism-Leninism.’